Haggai and Zechariah

The time of Haggai and Zechariah: Both Haggai and Zechariah speak to many of the same events. And various chapters can be dated to exact months if not days: Haggai 1: 1, September 1, 520 B. C.; Haggai 1: 15, September 24, 520 B. C.; Haggai 2: 1, October 21, 520 B. C.; Zechariah 1: 1, November 520 B. C.; Haggai 2: 10, 20, December 24, 520 B. C.; Zechariah 1:7, February 24, 519 B. C.; Zechariah 7:1, December 4, 518 B. C.

Themes: Both books encourage the Israelites to not let their personal affairs interfere with the rebuilding of the temple. The exhortations to "be about the Lord's business" is a message for us today.

The Christ of Haggai and Zechariah: Haggai points out the crucial role that the second temple will have in God's redemptive plan. Herod the Great later spent a fortune on the project of enlarging and enriching this temple, and it was filled with the glory of God incarnate every time Christ came to Jerusalem.

The Messiah is also portrayed in the person of Zerubbabel (Haggai 2: 23). Zerubbabel becomes the center of the Messianic line and is like a signet ring, sealing both branches together.

Key words: Haggai--reconstruction of the temple. Zechariah--prepare for the Messiah.


Haggai--the completion of the latter temple (1: 1-15)

The Glory of the Latter Temple (Haggai 2: 1-9)

The present blessings of obedience (Haggai 2: 10-19)

The future blessings through promise (Haggai 2: 20-23)


The call to repentance (Zech. 1: 1-6)

The eight visions of Zechariah

1. Horses among the myrtle trees (Zechariah 1: 7-17)

2. The four horns and the four Craftsmen (1: 18-21)

3. The man with a measuring line (2: 1-13)

4. The cleansing of Joshua, the High priest (3: 1- 10)

5. The golden lampstand and olive trees (4: 1-14)

6. The flying scroll (5: 1-4)

7. The woman in the ephah (5: 5-11)

8. The four chariots (6: 1-8)

The crowning of Joshua (6: 9-15)

The question of fasting(7: 1-3)

The four messages of Zechariah

The two burdens of Zechariah

A. The rejection of the Messiah (9: 1- 11: 17)

B. The reign of the Messiah (12: 1-14:21)


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